Trakl: The Dark Paths Of Men Are Strange

Trakl’s four mature prose poems written after 1913 all use the new style begun in “Psalm” and “Helian.”  All are strange and mysterious, fragmentary narratives that hint at a greater story lurking just beyond what we can easily see.  As with all things that hint of narrative, once we are swept up in it, once we engage, we take overt from what the poem has given us and create the sense of completeness ourselves—it’s something we insist on mentally, a sense of sequence and cohesion, moreso perhaps in prose than poetry.

That sense of cohesion is a necessary element given the length and speed of development of these prose poems.  Absent the sense of a story being told, the train of images would be chaotic, utterly disorienting.  The poems wold fail, on their own terms, and on ours.

The four prose poems are:  “Verwandlung des Bösen” (“Transformation of Evil”), “Winternacht” (“Winter Night”), “Traum und Umnachtung” (“Dream & Madness”), and “Offenbarung und Untergang” (“Revelation & Decline”).  The latter two are especially rich in imagery and astounding in the way they develop, finding hidden passageways between images and ideas.  I have taken up only one of them here, “Revelation & Decline,” and to give a sense of the movement and strangeness of the poem, I try to show it in two ways:  first as a prose poem, and then as a poem in a more traditional form, broken into sections and line breaks.

The narrative of the poem appears to center on a dream of the sister, in a world where death is the under text and incest, or the threat of it, is a constant mental companion, an ongoing source of guilt that cannot be expunged, and from which the only escape is a plunge into the abyss.  The poem opens with a vision of the world inhabited by dreamers.  Everyone is asleep, their rooms are stone, the light of each person small, motionless.  The narrator dreams that he is sleepwalking through it, an orphan wh